5 Types of IT Security Breaches You Need to Be Aware of

IT security

The hazard of staying connected to the internet has never been more acute. Globally, hackers attack around 30,000 websites every day. These hacks come in many forms, and to help minimise the risks, businesses need to understand what they are and how they happen.

In this article the Signals IT team have summarised the five types of IT security breaches businesses need to be aware of; keep reading.

  1. Man-in-the-Middle Attack

A MitM attack is difficult to detect as the attacker will hack a client’s system to impersonate them and take advantage. They can do this by accessing emails between you and the client or stealing the client’s IP address.

By doing this, they can gain access to sensitive data or even funds. Furthermore, having such access gives the hacker the ability to launch an attack on your server.

  1. Denial-of-Service and Distributed-Denial-of-Service Attacks

DoS attacks involve flooding an online service with a lot of traffic – overloading the network and stopping it from working correctly.

DDoS attacks are similar but use hijacked devices to send data to a network from multiple sources. A DDoS attack isn’t technically a data security breach, as it’s usually deployed to disrupt a business’s network, interfering with operations. The chaos caused by these attacks acts as a distraction. Hackers can then carry out other attacks without being noticed.

  1. Phishing and Spear Phishing

Another widespread type of attack is when a hacker sends an email that claims to be from a trusted source. The purpose of the email is to take you to a copy of the company website and get you to log in.

With your login details, they can access your account on the service they have impersonated and potentially many others. These are generally sent out in bulk rather than to an individual target.

Spear phishing is similar but done with a specific target in sight. Again, the hacker will research the target so that they can tailor the email, making it easier to fool the recipient.

  1. Password Attack

A password is one of the most valuable details a hacker can get from someone. Unfortunately, most people and businesses use the same passwords across multiple accounts. Because of this, if a hacker can get your password for one account, they can try it across different platforms and potentially gain access to several of them.

Hackers can use social engineering or brute force attacks to get passwords, and the more basic a password is, the easier it is for a hacker to steal it. Therefore, passwords with a mix of lower case letters, upper case letters, numbers, and symbols are more secure.   

  1. Malware Attack

Malware is a term for several types of software-based attacks. This can consist of:

      • Trojans
      • Macro viruses
      • Ransomware
      • Logic bombs
      • Worms
      • Polymorphic viruses
      • Many more

Everyone (businesses and individuals) are at risk from malware attacks. Some common attacks involve data theft, network control, or corrupting systems. For example, failing to swap-out data from old computers before disposal can expose your business to hackers. 

Steps you can take to protect your business include keeping staff updated with potential threats, backing up essential data, ensuring your old IT equipment is disposed of by qualified experts and using cybersecurity software.

Ensuring You Have Adequate IT Support Coverage

Maintaining adequate IT support and security can be costly in the long term (particularly if you opt for off-the-shelf packages).

Signals IT are experts in providing tailor-made solutions for IT infrastructure and connectivity. As a result, businesses who partner with Signals IT benefit from one-of-a-kind solutions that help protect their data, reduce operating costs and drive productivity.

Click here to contact us today and find out how we can help you.



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